NBER

NBER


The National Bureau of Economic Research is dedicated to promoting a greater understanding of how the economy works.

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Policies designed to expand SNAP eligibility modestly increased participation among seniors but led to larger increases among non-seniors, from Jordan W. Jones, @Courtemanche_CJ , Augustine Denteh, James Marton, and Rusty Tchernis

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Little evidence suggests that increases in marijuana consumption induced by recreational marijuana laws encourage the use of harder substances or violent criminal activity, from @SDSUCHEPS , Dhaval M. Dave, Fawaz Alotaibi, and Daniel I. Rees

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A chapter in the Handbook of Industrial Organization tries to provide a uniform organizing framework for the recent work on selection markets, from Liran Einav, Amy Finkelstein, and @nealemahoney 

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An analysis of the mental health conditions of Americans during the COVID-19 pandemic finds that anxiety, depression and worry peaked in November 2020, coinciding with the presidential election, from @D_Blanchflower  and @AlexanderBryson 

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Jobs becoming more pleasant over time could be a major factor in economic growth, from Brendan Epstein and @mileskimball 

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CEO turnover leads to an initial decrease in intra-firm communication, followed by a significant increase approximately five months after the CEO change, from @smimpink , @andreapratnyc , and @raffasadun 

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A study of the impacts of incomplete information on centralized one-to-one matching markets indicates that complete-information results are fragile to a small infusion of uncertainty about others, from Marcelo A. Fernandez, Kirill Rudov, and @LYariv 

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An algorithm for setting the distribution generating random utility across locations that implies a planner will optimally choose no redistribution in the absence of externalities or equity motives, from Morris Davis and Jesse M. Gregory

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Absolute convergence has happened contemporaneously with rising within-country inequality, resulting in more of the world’s poor living in middle-income countries, from @YaleEGC  and Nils T. Enevoldsen

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Urgent care centers (UCCs) increase total Medicare spending, especially in-patient spending and spending on drugs, but have no impact on mortality, ER visits, or visits to non-UCC doctors, from Janet Currie, Anastasia Karpova, and @danzeltzer 

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Randomized control trials (RCT) have no special standing among econometric methods. They do not simplify inference, nor can an RCT establish causality. They often carry serious and inadequately addressed ethical issues, from Angus Deaton

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2020 NBER Summer Institute, July 6-25, will be live-streamed on the NBER's YouTube channel. Meeting schedule here URLs for the streams are assigned at the start of each meeting, and will be posted as soon as they are available here

Economics undergraduate students are more gender-biased than those in other fields. The gap becomes larger with increased exposure to economics training, especially for male students, from Valentina A. Paredes, @DanielePaserman , and @franciscopino 

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Very hot days lead to a 20% increase in violence among the incarcerated, a population with limited options for mitigation or avoidance, from @anita_mukherjee  and @nj_sanders 

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Between 50% and 70% of changes in the US wage structure over the last four decades are accounted for by the relative wage declines of worker groups specialized in routine tasks in industries experiencing rapid automation, from @DrDaronAcemoglu  and Restrepo

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Shutdown orders had only modest effects on the economy. Businesses on opposite sides of borders with different shutdown policies fell similarly. Instead, consumer fear seems to have driven the declines, from @Austan_Goolsbee  and Chad Syverson

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Large randomized experiment in Kenya shows positive effects of cash transfers, but not of a psychotherapy program, on psychological and economic outcomes, from @jhaushofer , Robert Mudida, and @jeremypshapiro 

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Nursing homes account for nearly half of US COVID-19 deaths; eliminating staff linkages between homes could reduce COVID-19 infections in homes by 44 percent, from @MKeithChen , @judy_chevalier , and Elisa F. Long

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A rise in the minimum wage accounts for a large decline in earnings inequality in Brazil since 1994, with only modest disemployment effects, from Niklas Engbom and Christian Moser

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Between 1978 and 2018, the share of pre-tax income earned by the top 1% rose from 10% to about 19% and the share of wealth owned by the top 0.1% rose from 7% to about 18%, from Emmanuel Saez and @gabriel_zucman 

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